PCOS is a new trend these days and in the United States, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders of reproductive-age women, with a prevalence of 4-12%. What is PCOS actually and what it has to do with our hormones? Why my periods are not regular ? From where it comes? What shall I eat? Ahh! so many question, what is the answer?
Well, Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disturbance in women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstruation or increased male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small follicles and fail to regularly release eggs. In this blog we will be knowing about symptoms of pcos, pcos diagnosis, pcos treatment and pcos diet.
Sign and Symptoms
The major features of PCOS include menstrual dysfunction, an-ovulation, and signs of hyperandrogenism. Other signs and symptoms of PCOS may include the following:
- Excess Male Hormones: Elevated levels of male hormone (Androgen) may result in excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), and occasionally severe nodular acne and male-pattern baldness.
- Polycystic ovaries: Your ovaries might be enlarged and contain multiple follicles that surround the eggs. As a result, the ovaries might fail to function regularly.
- Irregular periods: Infrequent, irregular or prolonged menstrual cycles are the most common sign of PCOS. For example, you might have menstrual cycle of 35-45 days
PCOS signs and symptoms are more typical and severe if an individual is over weight or obese.
Cause of PCOS isn’t known but following factors play a role in developing PCOS :
- Insulin Resistance:Excess insulin might increase androgen production, causing difficulty with ovulation.
- Inflammation: Inflammatory food can stimulates polycystic ovaries to produce androgens, which results in symptoms like acne, hair fall, hirsutism etc.
- Heredity: Hereditarily pcos can transfer to next generation.
- Excess Male Hormone . In PCOS ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgen which results in hirsutism and acne.
- Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
- Miscarriage or premature birth
- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis — a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver
- Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)
PCOS treatment focuses on managing your individual concerns, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity. Specific treatment might involve lifestyle changes or medication.
Weight loss through a low-calorie diet combined with medium exercise activities. Even a modest reduction in your weight might improve your condition. Losing weight may also increase the effectiveness of medications recommended for PCOS, and can help you with infertility.
- Get sufficient 6-8 hours sleep.
- Eat more organic food.
- Use non-toxic cosmetics.
- Do light to medium intensity Exercise.
- More Water intake.
- Prioritize “ME” time and activities you enjoy.
- Use more natural remedies.
Thanks For Reading !
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