Women Health

Breast Cancer or Fibroadenoma

Finding a breast lump can be frightening for every woman, and is obvious as these days breast cancer is most frequently diagnosed life-threatening cancer in woman and a leading cause of death. But all these lumps can be and can not be cancerous.

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An early detection of breast cancer can reduce chances of mortality and increases chances of survival, because fibroadenomas can increase your chances of breast cancer.

Sign & Symptoms

Breast lumps can be benign or cancerous but examination and evaluation is must when you find following changes in your breast:
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  • Skin changes in effected breast
  • Change in breast size or shape
  • New onset nipple abnormalities
  • Blood or Pus discharge
  • Breast/ Axillary Lump

Every woman, above 50 or a young female having history of breast or ovarian cancer in first-degree relative, should go for breast screening.

Causes & Risk Factors

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  • Obesity
  • Lifestyle risk factors ( Tobacco smoke, Alcohol consumption)
  • Pregnant women
  • Women on hormone replacement therapies
  • Oral contraceptives
  • First-degree female relative with breast cancer
  • History of benign breast lumps
  • Processed food

Diagnosis

A proper diagnosis is necessary for any disease to start with treatment.  It can be a stressful part as it takes multiple diagnostic evaluation and multiple visits to a physician.

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  • Physical Examination. Physical evaluation for breast lump can be done by yourself and should be done every 3 months. In case you don’t have idea to do breast examination you can see your gynecologist or your family physician for that.
  • Mammogram. If physical examination is positive for any lump then ideally a mammogram is advised. Mammogram is just an X-ray of the breast taken from different angles and a radiologist examines the X-rays looking for any abnormalities.
  • Ultrasound. A breast ultrasound is advised to check nature of breast mass if it is solid or fluid filled. But ultrasound do not confirm for cancerous lump.
  • Fine Needle Biopsy. If the mammogram and ultrasound show a mass, your physician may want to do a fine-needle aspiration. This is typically an in-office procedure where a very fine needle is inserted into the breast and the doctor draws liquid out of the lump. Very little discomfort or pain is associated with this procedure.
  •  Biopsy. Sometime your physician can order to remove a small part from the affected area known as biopsy. It is done under general anesthesia. Swelling and discomfort are to be expected.

Treatment

Treatment for breast cancer and fibroadenoma varies from person to person and can vary according to causative factors. Simple or benign lumps can subside with medication and complex lumps may require surgical removal.

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If surgical removal is recommended, please understand additional non-cancerous lesions and lumps may develop, and the same diagnostic tests listed above may be necessary to rule out cancer.

Super Food to prevent Breast Cancer

Reduce Risks

Some of lifestyle and food habits can reduce the risk of developing lumps or fibroadenomas and exclude chances of breast cancer.

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  • Eat healthy and fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Take antioxidant rich food
  • Consume green tea or special herbs induce tea
  •  Take some sunbath or take Vitamin D supplements
  • Evening Primrose oil use
  • Do yoga, exercise and meditation

Eating a healing diet rich in lean proteins, fruits and vegetables, nuts and berries may help to reduce your overall risks of developing many diseases including cancers. Do consult your healthcare provider if you notice changes in breast, development of new lumps or changes in existing lumps.

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